Back to Warsaw

Zamenhof in the streets

Zamenhof in the cemetery

Partisans with Michael Leiserowitz

Warsaw Cemetery

Jewish Cemetery, Warsaw – Wikipedia

The Warsaw Jewish Cemetery is one of the largest Jewish cemeteries in Europe and in the world. Located on Warsaw’s Okopowa Street and abutting the Powązki Cemetery at 52°14′51″N 20°58′29″E / 52.24750°N 20.97472°E / 52.24750; 20.97472, the Jewish necropolis was established in 1806 and occupies 33 hectares (83 acres) of land. The cemetery contains over 250,000 marked graves[1], as well as mass graves of victims of the Warsaw Ghetto. Many of these graves and crypts are overgrown, having been abandoned after the German invasion of Poland and subsequent Holocaust. Although the cemetery was closed down during World War II, after the war it was reopened and a small portion of it remains active, serving Warsaw’s small existing Jewish population.


At the JCC with Romi Rutovitz

JCC Warsaw

Jewish Community Center


A quick return visit to Polin

IMG_9005 IMG_9006 IMG_9007


Wojciech Konończuk with his new book. In 2011 Wojciech influenced me to visit Poland for the first time!

Michael & Ruth Leiserowitz at the German Historical Institute.

Ruth is a professor of history at Humboldt University in Berlin and Deputy Director at the German Historical Institute in Warsaw. Michael is the German and Hebrew speaking guide at Polin Museum in Warsaw.

Their Jews in East Prussia Facebook site.


With Jakub Petelewicz, Director of Education at Forum For Dialogue

Forum for Dialogue | Forum Dialogu

Inspiring New Connections


Bialystok 2017

The Bus – Vilnius to Bialystok

Jewish Heritage Trail in Białystok – Wikipedia

Jewish Heritage Trail in Białystok is a marked foot trail created in June 2008 in Białystok, Poland, by a group of students and doctorate candidates, who participate as volunteers at The University of Białystok Foundation.


Ludwik Zamenhof

L. L. Zamenhof – Wikipedia

Ludwik Lejzer Zamenhof (Polish: Ludwik Łazarz Zamenhof, 15 December [O.S. 3 December] 1859–14 April [O.S. 1 April] 1917),[2] usually credited as L. L. Zamenhof, was a Polish-Jewish[3]medical doctor, inventor, and writer. He is most widely known for creating Esperanto, the most successful constructed language in the world.[4] He grew up fascinated by the idea of a world without war and believed that this could happen with the help of a new international auxiliary language, which he first developed in 1873 while still in school.[2]


The Ludwik Zamenhof Centre – Wikipedia

The Ludwik Zamenhof Centre – a city cultural institution established in Bialystok at 19 Warszawska St. upon the motion of the President of the City. It was founded to celebrate the organization of the 94th World Congress of Esperanto that was held from 25 July to 1 August 2009 in Bialystok. The Centre was officially opened for the visitors on 21 July 2009. At the beginning The Zamenhof Centre was a branch of The Centre of Culture in Bialystok, but it has been an autonomous cultural unit since January 2011.


Synagogues of Bialystok

Great Synagogue, Białystok – Wikipedia

The Great Synagogue (Polish: Wielka Synagoga w Białymstoku) was a synagogue located in Białystok, Poland, which was built between 1909-1913 and designed by Szlojme Rabinowicz. The synagogue was burnt down by Germans on June 27, 1941, with an estimated number of 2,000 Jews inside.


Icchok Malmed

Icchok Malmed – Wikipedia

Icchok Malmed (יצחק מאַלמעד) (born 1903 in Brześć nad Bugiem – 8 February 1943 in Białystok, Poland) was a Polish Jew and fighter of the Białystok Ghetto during the German occupation of Poland in World War II.


Tomek Wisniewski and Lucy Gold


Other Jewish Buildings

The Branicki Palace

Branicki Palace, Białystok – Wikipedia

Branicki Palace (Polish: Pałac Branickich) is a historical edifice in Białystok, Poland. It was developed on the site of an earlier building in the first half of the 18th century by Jan Klemens Branicki, a wealthy Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth hetman, into a residence suitable for a man whose ambition was to become king of Poland.[1] The palace complex with gardens, pavilions, sculptures, outbuildings and other structures and the city with churches, city hall and monastery, all built almost at the same time according to French models was the reason why the city was known in the 18th century as Versailles de la Pologne (Versailles of Poland)[2] and subsequently Versailles de la Podlachie (Versailles of Podlasie).[3]


Bialystok Railway Station

Białystok railway station – Wikipedia

Białystok railway station is the most important railway station in the city of Białystok, Poland. It is sometimes referred to as Białystok Central (Białystok Centralny), to distinguish it from six other, much smaller, stations located in the city.