Druskininkai, Lithuania

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Druskininkai

Druskininkai is well known for its spas!

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Jacques Lipchitz Sculpture Park

Jacques Lipchitz

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jacques Lipchitz
Jacques Lipchitz, 1935, photograph Rogi André (Rozsa Klein).jpg

Jacques Lipchitz, 1935, photograph Rogi André (Rozsa Klein)
Birth name Chaim Jacob Lipschitz
Born 22 August 1891
DruskininkaiLithuania
Died 16 May 1973 (aged 81)
CapriItaly
Nationality French American
Field sculpting
Training École des Beaux-Arts
Movement Cubism

Jacques Lipchitz (August 22 [O.S. August 10] 1891[1] – May 16, 1973) was a Cubist sculptor.

Life and career

Jacques Lipchitz was born Chaim Jacob Lipschitz, in a Litvak family, son of a building contractor in DruskininkaiLithuania, then within the Russian Empire. At first, under the influence of his father, he studied engineering, but soon after, supported by his mother he moved to Paris (1909) to study at the École des Beaux-Arts and the Académie Julian.

It was there, in the artistic communities of Montmartre and Montparnasse, that he joined a group of artists that included Juan Gris and Pablo Picasso as well as where his friend, Amedeo Modigliani, painted Jacques and Berthe Lipchitz.

Living in this environment, Lipchitz soon began to create Cubist sculpture. In 1912 he exhibited at the Salon de la Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts and the Salon d’Automne with his first solo show held at Léonce Rosenberg’s Galerie L’Effort Moderne in Paris in 1920. In 1922 he was commissioned by the Barnes Foundation in Merion, Pennsylvania to execute five bas-reliefs.

With artistic innovation at its height, in the 1920s he experimented with abstract forms he called transparent sculptures. Later he developed a more dynamic style, which he applied with telling effect to bronze compositions of figures and animals.

With the German occupation of France during World War II, and the deportation of Jews to the Nazi death camps, Jacques Lipchitz had to flee France. With the assistance of the American journalist Varian Fry in Marseille, he escaped the Nazi regime and went to the United States. There, he eventually settled in Hastings-on-Hudson, New York.

Jacques Lipchitz, 1917, L’homme à la mandoline, 80 cm

He was one of 250 sculptors who exhibited in the Third Sculpture International Exhibition held at the Philadelphia Museum of Art in the summer of 1949. He has been identified among seventy of those sculptors in a photograph Life magazine published that was taken at the exhibition. In 1954 a Lipchitz retrospective traveled from The Museum of Modern Art in New York to the Walker Art Center in Minneapolis and The Cleveland Museum of Art. In 1959, his series of small bronzes To the Limit of the Possible was shown at Fine Arts Associates in New York.

Beginning in 1963 he returned to Europe for several months of each year and worked in PietrasantaItaly. He developed a close friendship with fellow sculptor, Fiore de Henriquez. In 1972 his autobiography, co-authored with H. Harvard Arnason, was published on the occasion of an exhibition of his sculpture at The Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York. Jacques Lipchitz died in CapriItaly. His body was flown to Jerusalemfor burial.

Selected works

  • Sailor with Guitar” – 1914
  • Bather” – (1916–17)
  • Woman with Book” – (1918) at Carleton College
  • Bather, bronze” – 1923-25
  • Reclining Nude with Guitar” – (1928), a prime example of Cubism
  • Dancer with Veil” – (1928)
  • Dancer” – (1929)
  • “The Song of the Vowels” – (Le Chant des Voyelles), – (1931) cast bronze sculptures at Cornell UniversityPrinceton UniversityUCLAStanford UniversityKykuit Estate GardensParis
  • Bull and Condor” – (1932)
  • Bust of a Woman” – (1932)
  • David and Goliath” – (1933)
  • Embracing Figures” – (1941)
  • Prometheus Strangling the Vulture” – (1944)
  • Rescue II“- (1947)
  • Mother and Child” – (1949) at the Honolulu Museum of Art
  • Bellerophon Taming Pegasus: Large Version” – (1966-1977), begun in 1966 and arrived at Columbia Law School in pieces for assembly in 1977[2]
  • Peace on Earth” – (1967–1969)
  • Government of the People” – (1976)
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0 Replies to “Druskininkai, Lithuania”

  1. Seems like a prosperous town and your pictures are always wonderful to see.

    Judy Goldstein Toronto, Canada

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  2. That a a most comprehensive and enjoyable documentation of of your trip. You must have done so much research and be so knowledgeable on this subject. Do you doing any guided tours of Lithuania in the future? I would love to see the home of my forefathers from a Jewish perspective. Regards. Malcolm Navias

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